Many patriots have sacrificed their lives in the fight to get India independence from the British. Talking about the freedom fighters, Indian freedom fighters had lasted for many years. In this article, We are going to tell about 10 great freedom fighters of India, who have played an important role in this freedom Fighter.
Many children of Mother India have sacrificed their lives in this freedom struggle, out of which great people like Shubhas Chandra Bose, Mahatma Gandhi, have liberated India.
Today, in this article, we are going to talk about 10 such great people. Who sacrificed their lives to achieve India’s independence.
Top 10 Great Freedom Fighter in India
1. SUBHASH CHANDRA BOSE
Born: 23 January 1897
Date of Death: Aug 18, 1945
Birth Place: Cuttack, Orissa.
Father: Janakinath Bose
Mother: Prabhabati Bose
- Subhash Chandra Bose was born on 23 January 1897 at Cuttack, Orissa. Subhash Chandra Bose was a true patriot. Whose patriotism made him the greatest hero of India. Subhash Chandra Bose believed in the teachings of Swami Vivekananda.
- Subhash Chandra Bose was made the Congress President in 1938 and 1939.
- Subhash Chandra Bose set up a liberation army in East Asia, which was named “Azad Hind Fauj” in 1940 to escape the British from India with Japanese help and influence.
- Subhash Chandra Bose died on 18 August 1945 in a plane crash in a Japanese of Taiwan while returning from Southeast Asia.
2. MOHANDAS KARAMCHAND GANDHI
Born: 2 October 1869
Date of Death: Jan 30, 1948
Birth Place: Porbandar, Gujarat.
Father: Karamchand Gandhi
Mother: Putlibai Gandhi
- Indian freedom fighters Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi is honored as the father of India, Gandhiji was born on 2 October 1869 in Porbandar, Gujarat, to a Hindu family.
- He was married to Kasturba at the age of only, Mahatma Gandhi had four sons.
- Gandhiji went to England in September 1888 to pursue a law degree, but he obtained his law degree.
- Mahatma Gandhi, the father of the nation, believed in the non-violence movement.
- He led many movements for the British to flee India, such as Dandi Salt March, Quit India Movement, Non-Cooperation Movement and Satyagraha.
- On 30 January 1948, Gandhiji was shot dead by a young automatic pistol, Nathuram Vinayak Godse, from Poona.
3. JAWAHARLAL NEHRU
Born: 14 November 1889
Date of Death: May 27, 1964
Birth Place: Allahabad.
Father: Motilal Nehru
Mother: Swarup Rani Nehru
- Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru was the first Prime Minister of independent India. He was born on 14 November 1889 in Allahabad.
- In India’s freedom struggle Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru has a very important role. In 1912, Nehru attended the Bankipur Congress as a delegate.
- In 1916, Nehruji and Mahatma Gandhi had their first meeting and after meeting him, Nehru felt very inspired.
- In 1920, the peasant march organized in Pratapgarh district of Uttar Pradesh was first handled by Nehru.
- Nehru went to jail twice in connection with the ongoing cooperation movement in 1920-22.
- Pt. Nehru was made the general secretary of the All India Congress Committee in September 1923.
- During 1930-35 in connection with the Salt Movement, Satyagraha Movement and many other movements started by Congress, Pt. Nehru was imprisoned several times by the British.
- Pt. Nehru completed his ‘autobiography’ on 14 February 1935 in Almora jail.
- He was made the President of the Congress for the fourth time on 6 July 1946. Thereafter for three more terms from 1951 to 1954 Pt. Nehru was elected president.
4. BHAGAT SINGH
Born: 27 September 1907
Date of Death: Mar 23, 1931
Birth Place: Banga, Pakistan.
Father: Sardar Kishan Singh Sandhu
- Bhagat Singh was born on 27 September 1907 in a Sikh family in the village of Khatkar Namak Kalan near Banga in the Jalandhar district of Punjab. Indian freedom fighters Bhagat Singh’s father was Sardar Kishan Singh and Vidyavati.
- Sardar Bhagat Singh was considered the most influential revolutionary in India’s independence movement.
- Within a short span of time, Bhagat Singh had become a prominent member of the Hindustan Republican Association (HRA), which was renamed in 1928 by the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA).
- Bhagat Singh avenged the death of Lala Lajpat Rai in 1929 in the lathi charge made by the British.
- At the age of just 34, he was given the death penalty along with Rajguru and Sukhdev.
5. DR. RAJENDRA PRASAD
Born: December 3, 1884
Date of Death: Feb 28, 1963
Birth Place: Siwan, Bihar.
Father: Mahadev Sahai
Mother: Kamleshwari Devi
- Dr. Rajendra Prasad Has Been the Very first President of India. Rajendra Prasad has been a Fantastic freedom fighter,
- Dr. Rajendra Prasad was Born on December 3, 1884, at Jiradei at Siwan district, Bihar.
- Dr. Rajendra Prasad needed to move to prison using Indian freedom fighters Mahatma Gandhi to the Satyagraha movement in 1931 and then Quit India movement in 1942.
- Subsequent to the elections held in 1946, he had been forced Food and Agriculture Minister from the Central Government.
- In the opinion of his involvement in the world, he was respected with the nation’s greatest award Bharat Ratna.
6. LAL BAHADUR SHASTRI
Born: 2 October 1904
Date of Death: Jan 11, 1966
Birth Place: Mughalsarai, Uttar Pradesh.
Father: Sharada Prasad Srivastava
Mother: Ramdulari Devi
- Lal Bahadur Shastri was the 2nd Prime Minister of independent India and was influenced by Mahatma Gandhi. Why don’t we see more about Lal Bahadur Shastri.
- Lal Bahadur Shastri had spent more than 30 years of his life in the service of the country. And he was understood as a man of superb loyalty and proficiency.
- He was a man of amazing inner strength, tolerant and humble. He knew the speech of the people and was a visionary for the progress of the country.
7. CHANDRASHEKHAR AZAD
Born: 23 July 1906
Date of Death: Feb 27, 1931
Birth Place: Bhabra, India
Father: Sitaram Tiwari
Mother: Jagrani Devi
- Chandrashekhar Azad has been among the best Indian freedom fighters. He’s a leader of Bharatiya Independence.
- His guts and patriotism inspired a number of people of the creation. It’s said he was the coach of Bhagat Singh.
- Back in 1922his ideology shifted because of the abrupt discontinuation of this non-cooperation motion by Gandhiji and that he became an active part of the Hindustan Republican Association by linking radical actions.
- The first name of Chandrashekhar Azad has been Chandrasekhar Tiwari and spelled in Many manners like Chandrasekhar Azad or even Chandra Shekhar.
- He had been the face of radical India and has been involved in many incidents like Kakori train prosecution, meeting bomb episode, shooting Saunders in Lahore, and also to avenge the killing of Lala Lajpat Rai.
8. SARDAR VALLABHBHAI PATEL
Born: 31 October 1875
Date of Death: Dec 15, 1950
Birth Place: Nadiad, Gujarat.
Father: Jhaverbhai Patel
- A notable leader of the Indian National Congress, Sardar Vallabhai Patel has been a Indian barrister and politician who has made a significant contribution to India’s liberty.
- While Gandhi was in prison, Vallabhai Patel headed the Satyagraha of Mahatma Gandhi at Nagpur.
- Patel actively engaged in the Civil Disobedience Movement and Quit India Movement.
9. BAL GANGADHAR TILAK
Born: 23 July 1856
Date of Death: 1920
Birth Place: Chikhali
Father: Shri Gangadhar Tilak
Mother: Paravti Bai Gangadhar
- Bal Gangadhar Tilak was an Indian social reformer and freedom fighter. He had been among the greatest architects of contemporary India and most likely the strongest supporters of Swaraj or self-evident for India.
- His famous statement, “Swaraj is my birthright, and that I will have it,” served as an inspiration for potential revolutionaries throughout India’s fight for liberty.
- The British authorities named him as the”Father of Indian Unrest” and his followers bequeathed upon him the name of ‘Lokmanya’ significance the public admires him that.
- Tilak was an excellent politician in addition to a deep scholar who thought that liberty is the leading requirement for the wellbeing of a country.
10. GOPAL KRISHNA GOKHALE
Born: 9 May 1866
Date of Death: 1915
Birth Place: Bombay Presidency
Father: Krishna Rao Gokhale
Mother: Valubai Gokhale
- The guy who played a significant part in placing Gandhi in the forefront of India’s independence struggle was Gopal Krishna Gokhale, a fantastic politician, social reformer, operator along with economist of the time. Gokhale was among the creators of the Indian National Congress and has been a more moderate leader.
- Gokhale has been Gandhi’s mentor and direct. It’s intriguing to see how Gandhi reflects his affiliation using Gokhale within his own autobiography, My Experiments with Truth, in which Gandhi has dedicated substantial distance to his own mentor.
- He gave me a warm welcome along with also his way instantly won my soul. This is my very first meeting with himand it looked like We’re constructing a classic friendship”.
Well, friends, many great children of Mother India have a very big contribution to these Freedom Fighters. But we are talking about the top 10 Great Freedom Fighter in this article. In this list of our Top 10 Great Freedom Fighter, SUBHASH CHANDRA BOSE is in the number 1 position. Now, this does not mean that SUBHASH CHANDRA BOSE is the greatest freedom fighter. All the others also contributed their arrogance. Then the British agreed to leave India.
Hope you have liked the list of Indian freedom fighters here. If you want to ask anything, you can comment and ask.